The history of Lung Yin College

2020-10-29 11:44:31

Founded in the early years of the Tang Dynasty, for thousands of years, many famous guests stop here, according to folklore textual research, Wang Wei, Li Shangyin, Emperor Taizu of Song, Yu Qian, Fu Shan and so on have stopped here. City intangible cultural heritage in Jinzhong in 2011. Longyin college is a place for scholars to exchange ideas and artistic ideas. Its functions include: Calligraphy and Painting Studio, Works Exhibition Room, Tea Room, art creation room and leisure accommodation. Lung Yin was once located in the former Ergou village at the foot of the Gypsum Mountain in Lingshi County. The Academy was originally an Inn on the lingqin ancient road, which had been opened in the early Western Han Dynasty. Under the social environment of the early Tang Dynasty, when the government and the people were harmonious and everything was flourishing, the academy was renamed "Gudao Academy" (which was renamed "Longyin Academy" at the end of the week) , read about the peasant children of the surrounding villages, the once famous Lingshi, the border of Qinyuan County. For more than 1,200 years, as the dynasty changed, the college rose and fell, but the college did not collapse, alas, the Qing Daoguang twenty years (1840) , the college was burned to the ground by a gang of gangsters. Although Gudao Academy is located in the middle of a remote valley, it is located on the road leading from the Jinzhong Basin to the Shangdang Basin, wang Wei, Li Shangyin, Emperor Taizu of Song, Zhao Pu, Yu Qian, Fu Shan and other historical celebrities have been to Longyin Academy, or beat the top, or chant, or inscription, or play... leaving many little-known legend. Tang dynasty poet and painter Wang Wei, ancestral home in (now Qixian County, Shanxi Province) , his father moved to Puzhou (now Puzhou town, Yongji, Shanxi) , Kaiyuan Decade (722) , Wang Wei high school scholars, festive, thinking of the ancestral Yin, decided to return home to worship the ancestors. Wang Wei set off from the river east, took a thousand-mile route from Huozhou to Lingshi, went down the mountain from Hanjiawa in Lingshi County, and after crossing the river, it was nearly dusk, so he stayed in Dongxu village. In the East Xu village heard Gypsum Mountain beauty in close proximity, so love landscape pastoral Wang Wei decided to bypass the former Ergou village, visit Gypsum Mountain. The next day, accompanied by the farmer, Wang Wei spent a whole day on Gypsum Mountain. After going down, Wang Wei spent the night in Gudao Academy, where the head of the academy entertained the new scholar with the delicacies of Gypsum Mountain. The next day, Wang Wei said goodbye to the mountain and set off on his way home. During the Tang Dynasty, Li Shangyin, who was an inspector in the shogunate of Taiyuan, returned to visit his family in his ancestral home in Hanoi, Huaizhou (now Qinyang, Henan Province) . From Taiyuan to Huaizhou, the Cold Spring Pass in Lingshi County was the only place to go, and the old lingqin road was the only way, on his first day in cold spring, in the cold Quanyi wrote "cold food travel cold Quanyi" FIVE-CHARACTER METRICAL POEM A: "Return Journey is still near the festival, stay in times of homesickness. One night in the middle of the night, an empty court a tree flower. Mount Kaisan was a post show, and the pass was raked around Fen River. Since the cold spring, which can ban fire credit!"The next day lived in the Ancient Road Academy.". Li Shangyin saw this small college, sitting on the edge of a quiet valley and surrounded by Lush Green Hills and woods, and was glad to write, for it was a place far away from the common world, he wrote down a couplet of the Ancient Road Academy, the ancient road, and the scenic spots of Mount Gaoshan. In the first year of the late Zhou Dynasty (954) , Emperor Taizu of Song (the Song Dynasty's founding emperor, Taizu of the Song Dynasty) , who was the imperial governor in front of the Palace, led his army to rest in a chessboard ditch under the Gypsum Mountain. One afternoon, after playing a few games with his counselor, Zhao Pu, Emperor Taizu of Song and Zhao Pu strolled to the Gudao Academy and chatted with the President of the academy. During the chat, Emperor Taizu of Song asked about the origin of the name of the academy, the academy is named because it is located on the ancient road of Lingqin, and it has the meaning of 'learning from the ancient sage' , Yamashita said. Emperor Taizu of Song then said, although the ancient road can be followed, it is not as good as today's people, so Zhao Pu said, "why don't we change it to 'Longyin Academy' , " and Emperor Taizu of Song immediately praised it. From then on, "Gudao Academy" changed its name to "Longyin Academy" . Subsequently, the narrow valley where Longyin Academy is located changed its name from "Ergou" to "Longyin Valley" . Before long, Emperor Taizu of Song withdrew from the chessboard ditch and, on his way out, gave the chessman of Longyin college a piece he had used as a souvenir. In the summer of the Sixth Year of the Ming Dynasty (1431) , Yu Qian, then governor of Henan and Shanxi Province, wrote a seven-character metrical poem called Guo Hanhou ci when he went to Hanxinling in Lingshi County on official business, the content of the article is: "The general does not avoid the sharp edge when he steps into a crisis. After he has successfully joined forces with God, he should not beg for a false king. The Emperor of the Han Dynasty should be magnanimous in scale, and his life should be more noble than his own. His grave is buried on the waist of the mountain road, and being stationed on the horse is a great pain! " After going down the Han Xinling pass, by renyi town, the East set foot on the Linqin road, night stay at Longyin Academy. Along the way, Yu Qian saw Lingshi Nanhe area of simple and honest people, and saw Gypsum Mountain Valley twists and turns deep, hidden villages between the mountains and forests, this is exactly the artistic conception of the poems by the patriotic poet Lu You in the Southern Song Dynasty in his travels to Shanxi village. In August of the 14th year of the reign of Emperor Shunzhi of the Qing Dynasty, Fu Shan and his son Fu Mei returned from the north of Nanjing and took the ancient road of Lingqin. They first spent a few days on the Gypsum Mountain, swam to the Houzhai Gate, wrote the poem "the Righteous Bee" and passed on Fu Shan Quan, he also wrote a plaque for the master of the sea reciting, "the Gods and Buddhas come to circle the white clouds at the undesired rock bank, and the mountains and forests can also take the clear spring in the cave, which is not stained with dust" and "the beauty of the mountains and the wild" ; when he came down from the mountains, at the request of the head of the Longyin Academy, he also wrote the four characters of "Longyin Academy" . These four big characters are fluent free and easy, vigorous and UNCHARMING, deep-seated righteousness. After writing, Fu Shan said: "Dragon Yin" two words are in line with the current political situation, at present, the Ming Emperor is really the Emperor of the Dragon, and the emperor is suffering, so cloud "Dragon Yin" . It was the 20th year of the reign of Emperor Daoguang of the Qing Dynasty (1840) . In October of that year, on a dark night when the wind was high, a gang of outlaws came from Qinyuan mountain and forced the then head of the academy to hand over the chess pieces given to the academy by the Founding Emperor of the Song Dynasty, "That was several hundred years ago, " said the mountain leader, "and there were no chess pieces left in the academy. " The gangsters simply did not believe it, and beat the mountain leader to death. They searched everywhere and searched everywhere, but in the end, they burned the academy to the ground and burned it to the ground, all that was left were the three high halls dedicated to Confucius. Since then, Long Yin Academy lost the glory of the past, dropped out of business so far.